Every web hosting account you setup in your WebHost Manager interface comes
with it’s own Control Panel that you will give your customers access to. It is
from this control panel that they’ll be able to do such things as setup email
accounts, setup MySQL databases, view web stats, and a whole lot more.

Control Panel Access

Access to an account’s control panel is done directly from your
browser, or any other browser (i.e. you do not have to be at your
computer to access it…. you can be at someone else’s computer…. as
long as you have access to the internet, you can access your control
panel).

Control Panel Features

To learn more about all the features available in the control panel, click
on the links on the right side of this page, and you’ll be given a more detailed
description of the feature.



Mail
Manager

The Mail Manager allows you to manage all aspects of your email,
from adding new accounts, managing mailing lists, and setting spam
filters. There are quite a number of options available, all of which
are listed below: 

Add/Remove
Accounts:
Use this to add or remove POP3 email
accounts. POP3 email accounts are “email boxes” within your
hosting account, where your email is stored. When you create
a POP3 email account, you will want to also setup your email
program (i.e. Microsoft Outlook, Outlook Express, etc.) to
“retrieve” your email messages.

Default Address:
It is good practice to always set a default email address.
Doing so will basically tell your hosting account how to
handle incoming emails that you have not setup an account
for. In other words, if you want several email addresses to
all go to the same email box, then you only have to create
the one email box (as described above in Add/Remove
Accounts), but then set your Default Address to the email
address you created above. Then if someone sends an email to
an address you have not setup, that message will still get
delivered to your POP3 email account.

Alternatively, you can set your Default Address to an email
address that does not even exist in your hosting account….
like your main ISP email address.

Auto-Responders:
Auto-responders are email messages that are sent
automatically when an email arrives for a specific email
account. auto-responders are most commonly used for an “Out
of Office” style message to inform your correspondents that
you are not available, without you having to reply manually.
You can have more than one auto-responder on one account.
You can use plain text or include HTML code in the
auto-responder, and choose from a wide variety of character
sets.

Block an Email:
You can block an email using spam filters. There are many
definitions of spam, but one of the most useful ones is the
following:

“Spam: unsolicited email, usually of a commercial nature.”

Spam is the electronic version of junk mail, and has been
around since the Internet was created. Spam filters are a
way of filtering your email to remove unwanted mail based on
a variety of criteria. You can block any sort of email, not
just mail of a commercial nature. Blocked mail is deleted
automatically – it does not even bounce back to the sender.
These filters are quite flexible, and very useful if you do
not want to receive email from a specific email address.

Forwarders:
Forwarders simply allow you to automatically forward email
sent to one account to another account. This is useful when
you work at two separate locations, or have gone on holiday.

Mailing Lists:
The control panel includes a popular mailing list script
called Mailman. Mailing lists are an ideal tool for
communication between far flung participants and can be
about anything you want. Mailman allows you to set up a
mailing list with a large number of configurable options,
such as who is on the list, where mailing lists messages are
sent, and whether you include welcoming messages to new
subscribers. The Mailman documentation, which is
incorporated into its Administration panel, is clear and
helpful, and should be referred to for all questions about
using the script. For more information about MailMan, please
consult their homepage at:

http://www.gnu.org/software/mailman/mailman.html

Spam Assassin:
Spam Assassin is a mail filter installed on a mail server
used to identify spam. It checks for spam using a large
number of pre-set rules that check the header, body, and
sender of all email messages sent to your domain mailbox.
For more information about Spam Assassin, refer to the Spam
Assassin website:

http://spamassassin.taint.org/index.html

Modify Mail
Exchanger (MX Entry):
The control panel manages your
email through its own mail server. However, by altering your
MX (Mail Exchange Record) Entry you can point your email to
another mail server, if this is required.

Note: We  will not be able to manage your email if you
change your MX Entry setting.

Note: All email
options can be used in conjunction with each other. For example, you
could set up an auto-responder on your main account to email an “Out
of Office” message, a forwarder to send the email to your uncle’s
house where you are staying, and a spam filter to reject all email
with “credit” in the subject line. This flexibility is what makes
email so powerful as a communication medium.

Read
Web Mail

You can read your online email using NeoMail or Horde. Both of
these popular webmail scripts allows you to read your email, save
them, keep an address book, and perform all of the other basic email
functions that you are used to. The main difference between NeoMail
and an offline email applications, such as Eudora or Microsoft
Outlook Express, is that all of these functions are performed
online, rather than on your own computer, and offline applications
generally provide many more features. 

NeoMail or Horde
is optional. You can still use your favorite offline
email applications, if you prefer. You can even use a
combination of NeoMail or Horde and another tool – you
can check your e-mail online, perhaps when you’re at
work, and download your email to your computer when you
get home. You can automatically configure Outlook
Express, or manually configure other mail applications.


Change Password

Your domain password is the password you use to log on to your
control panel. The ability to occasionally change your password is
useful to maximize your site security. You should always change your
password if you think someone else has access to your account.


Parked Domains

Domain pointers allow you to “point” or “park” additional domain
names to your existing hosting account. This will allow users to
also reach your website when entering the “parked” or “pointed”
domain into their browsers. 

For Example:
Let’s say you own the business.com and innovation.com
domain names. You already have a web site for
business.com, but you do not want to create a new
website for innovation.com at the moment. By parking
innovation.com on top of business.com, all URLs for
innovation.com will automatically go to business.com
instead.

Addon
Domains

Addon Domains work very much like domain pointers, except you
setup the new domain names to point to a “sub-directory” of your
hosting account. 

For example:
Let’s say you have your hosting account set up as
yourcompany.com, but you also own the domain name
newsite.com. With the Addon Domain feature you can setup
newsite.com to “point” to a sub-directory like
yourcompany.com/newsite. You can then build a new
website in that sub-directory, and anyone who types
www.newsite into their browser would be forwarded to the
website you created in yourcompany.com/newsite.

FTP
Manager

The FTP Manager deals with all the tools relating to setting up
and managing FTP accounts, as well as managing FTP sessions. FTP
(File Transfer Protocol) is a method by which you can transfer files
between computers, usually using the Internet. There is a huge
amount of information stored on FTP servers around the world which
can only be accessed by using FTP. When using FTP you use an
application (i.e. an FTP program) called a “client” to connect to a
machine called a “server”. 

There are a large
number of FTP software packages available. Some of them
are built in to your browser (such as Internet
Explorer), others are dedicated applications (such as
such as CuteFTP or WS_FTP), while still others are built
into web applications (File Manager in this control
panel is one example). Generally speaking, if you are
going to spend a lot of time using FTP or have a large
amount of files to upload/download, a dedicated FTP
client (i.e. CuteFTP or WS_FTP) is a much easier
solution.

The control panel allows you
to set up FTP accounts so that certain external users can access a
restricted part of your hosting account. You can also set up an
anonymous FTP account so that anyone can access a restricted part of
your system. You can also manage these FTP sessions, cutting them
off if they go on for too long.

Following is a list of the
features available to you in the FTP Manager:

FTP Accounts:
With the FTP account utility you can control FTP accounts for
your users or if your account has sub domain support you can add
FTP accounts for your sub domain(s).

Anonymous FTP
Controls:
Here you can change how anonymous FTP users
should be treated and change the anonymous upload policy as
well.

Anonymous FTP Message:
You can edit the anonymous FTP welcome message that users will
see when they login to your FTP site.

FTP Session Control:
This utility allows you to disconnect users or time out FTP
sessions.

Warning: FTP, by its
very nature, allows external users to modify your web site (albeit a
restricted area of your web site). External users can upload,
download, and delete files. Keep this in mind when you set up an FTP
account.

File
Manager

The File Manager allows you to manage your site through HTML,
rather than an FTP tool or other third-party application. You can
upload, create or delete files, organize files in folders, and
change file permissions. While not as sophisticated as most FTP
tools, File Manager is free and gives you all the basic
functionality necessary to manage your site. The features available
to you in the File Manager are as follows: 

Creating a
new folder:
Folders are a very useful way of
adding organization and structure to your web site.
They make maintenance of the site much easier, as
you can easily see what files are in which folder.
Most web sites include at least an /image folder to
keep all the image files separate from the HTML
files.

Uploading
files in File Manager:
You can use File Manager
to upload files to your web site, up to 12 files in
one go. Although useful, a third-party FTP client
has many more features and does not limit you to the
number of files you can upload at one time.

Creating a
new file:
For small text files it can be easier
to create them online, rather than on your home
computer and uploading the file. You can create text
files, such as HTML, PHP, or plain TXT, but not
binary files.

Editing a
file:
Editing a pre-existing file through File
Manager allows you to make immediate changes to your
web site, without having to upload a new version of
the file. This is useful for small changes, but
would be inefficient for large amounts of coding.

Renaming a
file or folder:
You can quickly rename a file
or folder if you originally labeled a file or folder
with the wrong name, or if the name needs to be
updated. This is useful if a small number of files
need to be changed, since you do not need to upload
any files for the changes to take effect, but
inefficient if you needed to rename your entire
site.

Changing
file/folder permissions:
All files on UNIX
(including Linux and other UNIX variants) machines
have access permissions. These tell the operating
system how to deal with requests to access these
files. There are three types of access:

Read –
Denoted as r, files with read access can be
displayed to the user.

Write –
Denoted as w, files with write access can be
modified by the user.

Execute –
Denoted as x, files with execute access can be
executed as programs by the user.

Access types
are set for three types of user group:

User –
the owner of the file.

Group – other files which are in the same folder
or group.

World – everyone else.

The web
server needs to be able to read your web pages in
order to be able to display them in a browser. The
following permissions need to be set in order for
your web site to function properly.

All HTML
files and images need to be readable by others.
The setting for this is 644 (readable by User,
Group, and World, and writable by User), and is
set automatically when you upload files.

All folders need to be executable by others. The
setting for this is 755 (readable by User,
Group, and World, writable by User, executable
by User, Group, and World), and is set
automatically when you create a folder.

All CGI files (all files in the cgi-bin folder)
need to be executable by others. The setting for
this is 755 (readable by User, Group, and World,
writable by User, executable by User, Group, and
World), and is not set automatically when you
upload files. You need to change file
permissions manually. Refer to the Introduction
to CGI topic for more information.

Warning: It
is important that none of your files or folders are
writable by anyone else. Any file or folder which is
writable by others can be erased by them. Generally
there is no problem, just be careful in how you set
your permissions.

Deleting a
file or folder:
The control panel includes a
Trash folder, which operates the same way as the
Windows Recycle Bin. All deleted files are
automatically placed in the Trash folder and can be
restored to their original positions by a simple
click. However, once you empty the Trash folder, the
files are permanently deleted. Refer to Emptying the
Trash for more information.

Restoring
an item from the trash:
You can easily restore
a deleted file from the Trash by moving it from the
Trash to another folder. Restored folders are
automatically moved back to their original location.
However, you will not be able to restore the item if
you have emptied the Trash since deleting it – it
has been permanently destroyed.

Emptying
the trash:
Warning: Make sure you do not need
any of the files or folders in the Trash before you
empty it, because the files are deleted permanently
once the Trash is emptied.

If you want more
functionality and ease of use, you may want to consider using a 3rd
party FTP program like WS_FTP. We have put together a series of
tutorials designed to help you learn how to use WS_FTP.

Backup

The Backup area allows you to download the daily backup file of
your entire web site, or a particular MySQL, alias, or filter backup
file. If your computer crashes, or your personal backups are
destroyed, these files allow you to recover your site in a
convenient manner (you could also use FTP to download each file –
more control, but it would take longer). 

Important:
You should keep your own backup copy of your web site as
well. Do not rely solely on the backup provided here.
Having multiple backups in different locations provides
security against permanently losing information.

Note: A complete web
site backup file includes everything – from web pages to images to
scripts to access logs. A large site will have a large backup file,
and will take some time to download.


Password Protection

You can protect directories within your site from browsers by
using a password to protect them. This allows you to restrict
material to only authorized users or store sensitive material
online. This is also useful if you want to create a special login
area for members to be able to login to. Unless they have a
password, they will not be able to browse to that location
(directory). 

If you are using
FrontPage to build your website, and therefore have the
FrontPage server extensions installed in your hosting
account, you should not use this Password Protection
feature. Instead, FrontPage has it’s own unique way of
allowing you to password protect directories. To learn
more about this, please consult your FrontPage
documentation, or visit

www.microsoft.com
.


Custom Error Pages

Use this feature to create customized error pages, so when a
user types the wrong URL or enters incorrect information on the
browser, a nice error page will be displayed instead of the default
one. You can setup separate custom error pages for the following
general browser errors: 

400  –  Bad
Request

401  –
Authorization Required

403  –
Forbidden

404  –  Wrong
Page

500  –
Internal Server Error

Sub
Domains

Subdomains are a way of creating separate accounts within your
master account, which are accessed as separate URLs. For example,
you could set up a “timber” subdomain on your master account
“hardware.com”, which would be accessed as “timber.hardware.com”. A
lot of larger businesses use subdomains to establish branding and
focus on separate product lines, because a subdomain creates a
separate URL and web presence. However, you do not create a new
control panel when you create a subdomain. You still perform most
administration functions for the subdomain through your main control
panel. 

Practically, a
subdomain is a sub folder within the public_http level
of your account that has it’s own cgi-bin directory. The
“timber” example above creates a new top-level folder
called timber, with a cgi-bin sub-folder. Upload your
files for the subdomain to this location, including a
separate home file (such as index.htm). You can then
access this “new site” in one of two ways:


http://www.hardware.com/timber


http://timber.hardware.com

Additionally, you can setup
separate FTP accounts for people so they only have access to the
subdomain, and not the rest of your hosting account.


MySQL Database

SQL stands for Structured Query Language. SQL is a international
standard in querying and retrieving information from databases.
mySQL is essentially an SQL server – it responds to requests for
information that are written in SQL. You can communicate with mySQL
using a wide variety of programming languages (PHP being one of the
most common). mySQL is Open Source software and generally free for
use. 

Complete
instructions/tools on creating and maintaining a MySQL
database can be found in the MySQL Database section of
the control panel. There you will also find
PHPMyAdmin
which is a great tool that can be used to
administrate your MySQL databases in a web based
environment.

To learn more about using
MySQL, you should visit the following websites:



http://hotwired.lycos.com/webmonkey/programming/php/tutorials/tutorial4.html


http://www.mysql.com


SSH/Telnet

For security reasons, shell access is not enabled by default on
every account. In
order to activate shell access on your account, you will need to
contact our customer service department at
sales@WorldsBestHosting.com
and request that it be setup for you. You will be asked to prove
your identity with a faxed driver’s license, passport, or other
photo ID. The reason for the extra security measures is because
shell access is commonly used by hackers to gain unlawful access to
servers, and may result in attacks to other accounts on the server.
Although the technology exists to allow shell access, it is not
needed for the vast majority of customers. You have all the access
to your account needed via FTP and/or the control panel.


Manage Redirects

The Redirects area allows you to redirect Internet traffic from
one web page to another. This is usually used when a web page has
been moved to another location. 

For example:
Let’s say your hosting account is setup for your domain
name, yourcompany.com. Now let’s say you have a file (or
webpage) in your account called products.htm (accessed
like this: www.yourcompany.com/products.htm). At some
point in the future you may decide to rename your
products page, or move the information on that page to a
new page…. let’s say store.htm. However, there may be
people who visited your website in the past, and perhaps
bookmarked that old products.htm page. To make sure they
do not find a dead page or dead link, yo ucan create the
following redirect:


http://www.yourcompany.com/products.htm   –>
http://www.yourcompany.com/store.htm


FrontPage Extensions

Frontpage Extensions allow you to publish your web site using
Microsoft Frontpage. If you do not use FrontPage to build your
website, then you do not need the FrontPage extensions. If you DO
use FrontPage for your website, and indicated such in your order
form, then we will have installed teh FrontPage extensions for you. 

However, the
FrontPage extensions can occasionally become corrupted,
and need reinstalling. If that happens, you can use this
feature to uninstall and then reinstall Frontpage
Extensions whenever required.

The FrontPage extensions take
up approximately 300 KB (or 0.3 MB) of storage space in your hosting
account. This amount is negligible compared to the amount of storage
space you have in your account.

Raw
Access Log

You can download the raw access logs that contain all the
recorded hit information that your site has received. These logs are
only really useful if you have a preferred reporting tool that you
prefer to use, rather than the variety of reporting tools available
in the control panel. If you use the reporting tools in the control
panel (i.e. Webalizer stats) to track visitors and traffic to your
website, then you do not need to download the raw access logs.


Web/FTP Stats

The Web / FTP Statistics area presents you with a wide variety
of information about your web site, from the latest visitors to a
detailed monthly summary of hits, as well as providing an error log.
Use the Statistics tools to keep track of what pages are being
visited most often, and where they are being referred from. The
features available to you in this section are as follows: 

Analog:
Analog produces a simple summary of all the people
who have visited your site. It is fast and provides
great lightweight statistics.

Webalizer:
Webalizer is a more complex stats program that
produces a nice variety of charts and graphs about
who has visited your site. This is probably the most
popular stats engine available today.

Subdomain
Stats:
This will show statistics for the
subdomains on your account.

Latest
Visitors:
This will show you the last 300
visitors who came to your site and some interesting
information about them.

Bandwidth:
This will show how many bytes your account has
transferred.


Error Log: This will show errors in your
site, images not loading, missing files, etc. This
is very useful for debugging CGI scripts.

For more
information about exactly what these web site statistics actually
mean, refer to the following excellent articles:



Measuring Website Usage



How the Web Works


Sub Domain Stats

This is just a direct link to the “Subdomain Stats” as described
above, in Web/FTP Stats. It shows statistics for any subdomains you
may have created in your hosting account.

Error Log

The error log contains all HTTP errors that occur when visitors
attempt to view your site, such as requested files not found, etc.
The Error Log tool is a presentation of the last 300 entries in your
error log. A central use of this tool is to locate suspicious server
activity, such as attempted virus attacks. If you have concerns
about any activity in your error logs, please
email us.


Search Engine Submit

The control panel allows you to submit your web site details to
several search engines at one time. Some pointers on this process: 

This is not a
guaranteed way of becoming registered by these
search engines, as some may charge a registering
fee. It is always best to check each search engine
site individually to see what their registration
policy currently is.

It may take
several weeks (4-8 weeks is common) before your web
site will appear on a search engine.

Do not submit
your site multiple times to the same search engine
within a short period of time, as the search engine
may ban you from its list.

Chat
Rooms

Chat rooms are scripts that allow any number of logged-in users
to have a typed, real-time, on-line conversation. There are several
pre-installed chat scripts available from within the control panel: 

CGI Chat:  This
is a very simple CGI script written in Perl. It is very
easy to install.

PhpMyChat Room:  This is a
very nice PHP script. You will need one available MySQL database to
install it. It is very customizable!

Java Chat:  If you would
prefer a java chat, just place the link below in any of your pages:


http://yourdomain.com/cgi-sys/mchat.cgi?channel=yourdomain.com

Replace both instances of “yourdomain.com” with your own account’s
domain name.

Note: We highly recommend
installing only one of these chat scripts, to prevent your account
from using excessive server resources and bandwidth. If you do not
need/want a chat room, then please do not install one.

Forum/BBS

From the control panel you can install a pre-made forum called
XMB. The XMB Forum is a PHP web-based bulletin board. Unlike an
email list or newsgroup, the XMB Forum creates a forum on your web
site that allows users to post questions and receive replies, all
from their web browser. This allows you to choose from a variety of
graphical interfaces and smilies – little faces that communicate the
mood of the writer . Once a forum has been created you can modify it
extensively, from adding new sub-forums to changing the visual
appearance of the board. For more information on how to customize
and use your XMB forum, be sure to visit the XMB Forum web site at
http://www.xmbforum.com

Note 1:
Keep in mind that each separate installation of XMB
forum takes up approximately 2.7MB, and will grow in
size with the popularity of the forum.

Note 2: Also keep in
mind that installing an XMB Forum in your account will use 1 MySQL
database. You can install the XMB Forum directly from within the
control panel.

CGI
Center

The CGI Center in the control panel lists several CGI scripts
that have been pre-installed and ready to use in your account. You
are free to install other CGI scripts into your Cgi-Bin directory
(within your account) if these pre-installed scripts are not what
you are looking for. The scripts we have pre-installed for you are: 

Simple CGI
Wrapper:
The CGI Wrapper script creates a
scgi-bin folder at the public_html level of your web
site. This allows you to run scripts with your own
user ID. The advantage of this is that you can run
scripts that have the same permissions that you do –
you can write, edit, and delete files as you
normally do. In a regular cgi-bin folder, you can
only do this if you set your directory permissions
to 777 (world access) and file permissions to 666,
both of which are quite dangerous as anyone can now
modify your web site. The disadvantage of this is
that if there is a security breach in your script
that another person can exploit, they have access to
your site in the same manner that you do – they can
do anything. However, as long as the scripts you run
in the scgi-bin directory are secure, you have
nothing to worry about. Be sure to read the

CGI Wrap user guide
for more detailed
information on using CGI Wrap. For a more detailed
description of the distinction between normal and
wrapped cgi,

refer to this article
.

Random
HTML:
This simple script allows you to insert
random pieces of text into your web page. This is
useful for daily quotes, helpful hints, or any other
place where random text is useful.

Simple
Guestbook:
This is a simple guestbook script
that allows you to create a guestbook that your
visitors can sign. You can modify the appearance of
the guestbook, and view and manage guestbook
entries.

Advanced
Guestbook:
This is a more advanced guestbook
written in PHP and MySQL. It requires the use of 1
MySQL database. There are many more features
available in the Advanced Guestbook, than the Simple
Guestbook.

Counter:
You can create a counter to count and show how many
visitors have been to your site.

Clock:
The Java Clock Maker allows you to create a
real-time, dynamic clock, that counts the time just
like a digital wrist watch.

Countdown:
You can create a countdown box to countdown to a
specified date.

CGI EMail:
CGI EMail is a simple, easy-to-use script that takes
the results of any form and sends them to you via
email. Because it is already installed, minimal
configuration is required to successfully use the
script. Be sure to read the

CGI user guide
for detailed instructions on
using CGI EMail.

FormMail
Clone:
One of the most popular form to e-mail
scripts available is FormMail, by Matt Wright. The
script can be setup very quickly, and provides a
number of customization options. This FormMail Clone
script operates in the same manner as the original.
Be sure to read the

FormMail documentation
for more information
about customizing the FormMail clone script.

Entropy
Search:
This script enables a nice, quick
search engine that can help your visitors find
information that they are interested in more easily.
The larger the site, the more important the search
engine becomes. Warning: This search engine searches
all of the ASCII (text) files on your site. This
includes HTML, PERL, plain text files, etc. Since
there is no way to limit the search engine, if any
of these files contain sensitive information, either
encrypt the files or remove them from your site.
This is a smart move anyway – you should not store
sensitive information on your web site without
encryption.

Entropy
Banner:
The Entropy Banner script allows you to
create a set of revolving banner images, normally
used for advertising. You can upload and delete
files, set priority on the images, and set URLs to
which each image points.

Addon
Scripts

This feature is not currently in use. If we were to provide
additional scripts for you, and have them pre-installed, this is
where they would be featured. If you need a Perl or CGI script, but
the ones provided in our CGI Center do not do what you neded, there
are many websites you can turn to to look for a script. There are
literally thousands of scripts (many of which are free) available
for download on the internet. Some websites to visit are: 



www.scriptarchive.com



www.cgi-resources.com



www.bignosebird.com



www.perlmasters.com


Shopping Carts

A Shopping Cart is a set of scripts used to “e-commerce enable”
a website. These scripts are integrated into your website to provide
your shoppers (visitors to your website) an easy way to select, and
pay for products and/or services you want to sell from your website.
There are two separate shopping cart scripts (actually, they are
sets of numerous scripts) available for you to download from this
section of the control panel. 


Interchange Shopping Cart:
The Interchange
Shopping Cart is a fully-featured shopping cart that
can be installed with the click of a button. The
product is fully documented at the

Interchange website
– please refer to this site
if you have any questions about using the shopping
cart. Please note that installing the Interchange
Shopping Cart will take up approximately 5 MB of
storage space in your hosting account.

Agora
Shopping Cart:
The Agora Shopping Cart is a
fully-featured shopping cart that can be installed
with the click of a button. The product is fully
documented at the Agora website – please refer to
the

Agora web site
if you have any questions about
using the shopping cart.

Cron Jobs

Cron jobs allow you to automate repetitive tasks on the server
that hosts your web site. This is a powerful tool that allows you to
take a hands-free approach to repetitive tasks. For example, you
could add a cron job that automatically copies a mySQL database to a
separate location on your site as a backup.


Network Tools

The Network Tools area of the control panel has two available
features: 

Domain
Lookup:
The Domain Lookup tool allows you to
look up information about a particular domain. It
does this by using a DNS (Domain Name System)
lookup, which is a general-purpose replicated, data
query service used for translating hostnames into
Internet addresses. DNS details are published for
public use.

Trace
Route:
The Trace Route tool allows you to trace
the IP (Internet Protocol) route taken by your
server to reach your current ISP (Internet Service
Provider).

There are a number of free
sites that offer similar functions. One of the most popular is
http://www.network-tools.com.

Mime
Types

Mime types tell browsers how to handle specific extensions. Most
Mime types are set globally on the server. For example, the
text/html Mime type equates to htm, html, and shtml extensions on
most servers, and this tells your browser to interpret all files
with those extensions as HTML files. You can alter or add new Mime
types specifically for your site (note that you can not alter the
global Mime type values, only add to them). Mime types are often
used to handle new technologies as they appear. When WAP technology
first appeared no-one had these extensions set up on their server.
With Mime types, however, you could have set it up yourself and
begun serving WAP pages immediately.  

Warning: Make
sure you check the list of pre-existing Mime types
before adding new ones. Check with our support staff
before adding a Mime type, as they can easily alter the
correct functioning of your web site.

Note: People often get
confused as to the difference between Mime types and Apache
handlers. Basically, Mime types tell your browser how to handle
files, while Apache handlers tell the server how to handle files.


Apache Handlers

Apache is an open-source HTTP server, and is used to serve your
site. Apache handlers tell the server how to deal with web files
that need to be processed on the server. For example, Apache is set
up to process files with .pl extensions using Perl. However, if for
some reason you also wanted to process files with .script extension
using Perl, then you would have to set up a custom Apache handler
for your site.

Note: People often get confused as to the difference between Mime
types and Apache handlers. Basically, Mime types tell your browser
how to handle files, while Apache handlers tell the server how to
handle files.

Warning: Check with our support staff before adding an Apache
handler, as they can easily alter the correct functioning of your
web site.

PGP Keys

OpenPGP is a tool for secure online communication. CPanel uses
GnuPG for its public-key cryptography so that users may communicate
securely. Each person gets a pair of keys, called the public key and
the private key. Each person’s public key is published while the
private key is kept secret. Messages are encrypted using the
intended recipient’s public key and can only be decrypted using
their private key. 

General
documentation and comprehensive user guides are
available at the

GNU Privacy Guard site
.


Hotlink Protection

Hotlinking is when another web site owner links directly to one
or more of your images or multimedia files and includes it on their
web page. Not only is this theft of your intellectual property, you
are paying for the bandwidth used by that site. 



Refer to this article for more information on hotlinking
.

The control panel can prevent
hotlinking by only allowing named sites (such as your own web site)
to access files on your site.

Index
Manager

The Index Manager enables you to control how directories on your
web site are displayed. If there is no index.html in a particular
directory, the contents of the directory will be displayed to the
browser. This is usually undesirable and can cause security issues.
You can set the four different options for any directory through the
Index Manager: 

Default
System Setting:
Use the system setting for your
hosting machine. This is set for all directories by
default.

No
Indexes:
Do not use any indexes. Any browser
that accesses this directory will see a list of all
files in the directory.

Standard
Indexing (text only):
Prevents browsers from
viewing the contents of this directory. The browser
receives a 403 (Forbidden) error. This option should
be used for directories that do not contain image
files.

Fancying
Indexing (graphics):
Prevents browsers from
viewing the contents of this directory. The browser
receives a 403 (Forbidden) error. This option should
be used for directories that do contain image files.

IP
Deny Manager

This feature will allow you to block a range of IP addresses to
prevent them from accessing your site.

Mail
Exchanger

This is a direct link to the “Modify MX Entry” feature in “Mail
Manager”. It allows you to modify your MX (Mail Exchanger) setting.
The control panel is automatically setup to manage your email
through its own mail server. However, by altering your MX (Mail
Exchange Record) Entry you can point your email to another mail
server, if this is required. 

Note: We  will
not be able to manage your email if you change your MX
Entry setting.